Il progetto BUGS

BUGS è un progetto finanziato dall’UE che ha lo scopo di mettere a punto un sistema di valutazione dei gap formativi delle aziende del settore costruzioni in campo energetico:

n cooperation with partners, Ecipa, which will lead this WP because of its expertise in the skills improvement and data analysis, will ensure the implementation of activities to gain the expected goals, namely the creation of a software for a tailor made evaluation of green skills gaps to be detected.
…More in details, the following activities will be carried out:
Firstly, referring to green jobs potential and energy efficiency, thanks to the expertise of partner’s teams, the legislative framework will be identified and analysed at European level and each partner Country will then be invited to identify and analyse its own national legislation. This study will be the legislative framework that will support the following activities.
Methods of skills data collection will be evaluated by partners in order to define a standard methodology to be applicable to companies of different dimensions and/or home Countries. At the same time will be defined, per each partner Country, the available data for the industrial system and information channels.
Guidelines that will be created will be useful to set up questionnaires/interviews to gain the needed information and to identify public data sources about companies.
In order to correctly tune the development of the analysis method, a data sample will be collected involving public bodies, firms representatives and firms.
Once the method will be standardized it will be possible to develop the data mining software.
Deep statistical analysis will be implemented (cluster analysis, decision trees, factor analysis, etc.), crossed with training experts support with the purpose of identifying patterns and any other useful information to fill the green skills gap and boost the job creation potential. This method will be developed according to quantity and quality of available data.

ISCO seleziona giovani per il corso Tecnico dell’Efficienza Energetica

Corso promosso da ISCO – Ente di Formazione Professionale accreditato dalla Regione Veneto, in collaborazione con Orienta Venezia – Agenzia per il lavoro, nell’ambito del piano Garanzia Giovaniapprovato dalla Giunta Regionale del Veneto, che offre nuove opportunità per l’occupabilità e l’inserimento dei giovani che hanno assolto l’obbligo di istruzione e con un’ età compresa tra i 19 e i 29 anni.

Profilo professionale:

Il Progetto formativo intende preparare una figura professionale che, per conto di aziende, studi di consulenza o iberi professionisti, possa assolvere alle sempre maggiori richieste di assistenza e accompagnamento delle imprese nei processi di efficientamento e ottimizzazione delle risorse energetiche.

Pertanto il corso intende perseguire i seguenti:

– potenziare le conoscenze di economia ed igiene ambientale;

– far conoscere la normativa nazionale, regionale e comunitaria di settore;

– far conoscere i concetti fondamentali del risparmio energetico;

– far conoscere materiali e tecnologie per impianti a basso impatto ambientale;

– potenziare le conoscenze sui principi dei Sistemi di Gestione Ambientale e le relative norme (ISO14001, 50001, regolamento EMAS, ecc.);

– far acquisire i principi per effettuare delle analisi costi-benefici relativamente alle scelte ambientali ed energetiche dell’azienda;

– far acquisire le conoscenze sulle principali tecniche di riduzione dei consumi aziendali;

– potenziare le conoscenze sulle principali tecnologie di riduzione delle emissioni.

Il progetto, della durata complessiva di 208 ore, si svolgerà a PADOVA e sarà composto da 184 ore di formazione, 8 ore di orientamento specialistico, 16 ore di accompagnamento al lavoro e.

Destinatari

Il corso si rivolge a 8 giovani NEET (persone disoccupate o inattive che non sono né in educazione né in formazione) che hanno assolto l’obbligo di istruzione.

Saranno privilegiati i destinatari in possesso di diploma di scuola secondaria di secondo grado, preferibilmente ad indirizzo tecnico/scientifico, o laurea in discipline scientifiche e che possiedono competenze informatiche sufficienti a svolgere in autonomia le principali funzioni riferite al ruolo.

Programma corso:

  • normativa del settore energia
  • Fonti di produzione energetica
  • Tecniche di riduzione dei consumi energetici
  • Sistemi di Gestione dell’Energia (ISO 50001)
  • La diagnosi energetica secondo le norme UNI 11428 e EN 16247
  • L’analisi costi-benefici e costo-opportunità per quanto riguarda l’utilizzo dell’energia
  • Strumenti per l’autoimprenditorialità

Ammissione alla selezione:

La domanda di ammissione alla fase di selezione per la partecipazione al progetto deve essere redatta su apposito modulo, scaricabile dal sito www.isco-sc.it/formazione e dovrà pervenire a mano, attraverso posta elettronica ad info@isco-sc.it, o via fax al n. 0418105861 entro il 2 dicembre.

Il giorno della selezione sarà necessario portare:

–        Patto di Servizio Garanzia Giovani rilasciato da un Centro dell’Impiego o da uno Youth Corner;

–        Fotocopia fronte/retro di un documento di identità in corso di validità;

–        Curriculum vitae in formato europeo.

L’ammissione al corso avverrà sulla base di una graduatoria risultante dalle prove di selezione valutate da un’apposita commissione nominata dall’Ente di formazione, il cui giudizio è insindacabile.

I risultati della selezione, verranno comunicati direttamente agli interessati.

Data e sede di selezione:

Giovedì 4 dicembre ore 10.30 presso Istituto “Dante Alighieri”, Riviera Tito Livio 43 – PADOVA

La partecipazione al corso è gratuita.

Al termine del percorso sarà rilasciato un attestato dei risultati di apprendimento.

Per informazioni: I.S.CO. – Organismo di Formazione accreditato dalla Regione Veneto

Via Zandonai 6, Venezia Mestre – tel. 041 8105863 – fax 041 8105861 – info@isco-sc.itwww.isco-sc.it

L’energia è strategica: approvati i decreti Golden Power

Sono stati pubblicati nella GU del 6 giugno i DPR 85 e 86 sui golden power, ossia  i poteri speciali che spettano al Governo sugli assetti societari dei soggetti che operano nei settori della difesa e della sicurezza nazionale, nonché nei settori dell’energia, dei trasporti e delle comunicazioni.

Si alza la testa o si dà veste ufficiale alla sudditanza nei confronti delle multinazionali? ahhhh, saperlo…

Boicottare la smart grid: GSE dice no ai sistemi di accumulo

“Con riferimento alle richieste di chiarimenti pervenute al GSE in merito alla possibilità d’installazione di sistemi di accumulo su impianti già ammessi agli incentivi, si precisa quanto segue.

Nelle more della definizione e della completa attuazione del quadro normativo e delle regole applicative del GSE per l’utilizzo dei dispositivi di accumuloai fini della corretta erogazione degli incentivi, non è consentita alcuna variazione di configurazione impiantistica che possa modificare i flussi dell’energia prodotta e immessa in rete dal medesimo impianto, come ad esempio la ricarica dei sistemi di accumulo tramite l’energia elettrica prelevata dalla rete.

A tal proposito si rammenta che il GSE, nel caso in cui dovesse accertarne la sussistenza, nell’ambito delle verifiche effettuate ai sensi dell’art. 42 del Decreto Legislativo 28/2011, applicherà le sanzioni previste dal medesimo articolo, ivi inclusa la decadenza dal diritto agli incentivi e il recupero delle somme già erogate.”

http://www.gse.it/it/salastampa/news/Pages/modifica-della-configurazione-impianti-incentivati-con-sistemi-di-accumulo.aspx

Sul tamburo: le nuove schede TEE 37 e 38

Scheda tecnica n. 37E – Nuova installazione di impianto di riscaldamento unifamiliare alimentato a biomassa
legnosa di potenza ” 35 kW termici. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
Allegato alla scheda tecnica n. 37E: procedura per il calcolo del risparmio di energia primaria ……………………….

Scheda tecnica n. 38E – Installazione di sistema di automazione e controllo del riscaldamento negli edifici
residenziali (Building Automation and Control System, BACS) secondo la norma UNI EN 15232 ………………….
Allegato alla scheda tecnica n. 38E: procedura per il calcolo del risparmio di energia primaria …………………………

A Beautiful Mind – on the Pareto Efficiency Frontier (post di James Ferguson)

So I will not apologize for the wonderful title of this post, because it really does represent the exact issues I want to discuss today in terms of energy efficiency. Rather, I apologize, because this post is really written for the exploring engineer, not for the spoon-fed. It will be complex and I may ask questions. But I will provide enough layman’s background that anyone bright and persistent enough can understand.

We will touch on the simplest ideas of energy efficiency, and mix in aspects of Nash’s work in game theory for optimization of winning strategies. This is The Nash Equilibrium – the brilliant outcome of thestar mathematician and man who struggled and learned to manage paranoid schizophrenia portrayed in the wonderful film A Beautiful Mind

Portrait of Vilfredo Pareto.
Portrait of Vilfredo Pareto. (Photo credit:Wikipedia)

All-in-all we will argue about whether energy efficiency has been argued about enough, and we will also look at the Pareto Frontier (in layman’s terms).

We will see that the way buildings control systems are operated to day are generally sub-optimal because we do not even consider everyday economic or game strategy theories to our objectives.

We are guilty, because we let the big players in our industry get away with giving; not second best but provably sub-optimal worsts!

I dare say, some of these ideas may be new to you – as they are to me, so when I have them wrong please, please do comment and correct my thinking (in the comments section below rather than on linkedInbecause otherwise only some readers see them). Better still think and contribute and enrich the discussion, because its written for us all…

Where do we start? At the beginnings of Game Theory.

Let’s imagine that an simple air handling unit supply (AHU) is a battleground between two gaming warriors. Lets introduce them:

Henry (the Heater)
Henry cares primarily that fresh air is delivered at least warm enough for comfort – lets say 15 C (59F)
(Note to laymen air warms up because of unintended sources so a supply below comfort temperature is normal)
When he has been in error he seeks to correct the total sum of his historical errors to zero.
Given that achievement he seeks to use as little heat as possible.

Charles (the Chiller)
Charles cares primarily that fresh air is delivered at least warm  cool enough for comfort – lets say 15.5 C (59.9 F)
When he has been in error he seeks to correct the total sum of his historical errors to zero.
Given that achievement he seeks to use as little cooling as possible.

There is a third character Henrietta – She is an energy manager, and she applies common sense. More of  Henrietta later.

The more aware of readers will realize that Henry and Charles sound as though they been set up according to normal convention with PID loops for control and they have probably been set up for a fight !

http://www.me.umn.edu/labs/teel/110Research12Stanley.htm

Above we see a standard set up according to the Thermal Environmental Engineering Laboratory – And YES its wrong despite the research being funded by the Department of Homeland Security (LOL) To see an AHU that is set up well see here 

The BIGGEST difference is that the good one has a temperature sensor immediately after the heating coil and the rubbish one does not.

In my experience cost cutting measures eliminate this very cheap, very essential sensor in around 95% of implementations including some by the biggest players in the AHU supply market (over 1.5 Billion Euros in Europe alone).

Why is this sooooo stupid ?

Technically (and I accept the jargon is not too important – but I want some keywords to get some engineers thinking about this) –

The first can stabilize at many Nash Equilibria that do not lie on the Pareto Efficiency Frontier.

In English (or engineering) ?

When the PID loops controlling each coil (or  register or heat exchanger) achieves its fundamental objective of comfort (that is Henry and Charles are basically happy) both H and C are active under the majority of cases.

So simplistically if air is coming in at 10C Henrietta would like to hold Henry back to delivering air at 15C and stop Charles doing anything at all.  But if Henry does say 75% output and Charles does 25% output there is still heating on balance so H and C are happy but Henrietta is not.

Henry and Charles are happy because they have found a Nash Equilibrium. They achieve their objectives, but knowing the others strategy does not allow them to change their position of being in conflict.

This is referred to in the wiki article above which states:

“The Nash equilibrium may sometimes appear non-rational in a third-person perspective. This is because it may happen that a Nash equilibrium is not Pareto optimal.

The Nash equilibrium may also have non-rational consequences in sequential games because players may “threaten” each other with non-rational moves”.
Henrietta cries foul ! She sees that if Henry would back off, Charles could too, or if Charles would back off Henry would too.  But Henry and Charles have a job to do and cannot budge an inch.
Henrietta realizes if she forced the implementation of the temperature sensor downstream from Henry that is upstream from Charles, Henry would play his own game and ignore Charles’ strategy.
The very fact that Henry does not know Charles means that he optimises for heating at no error between coils.  This means that Henry never calls on Charles to cool.
Now for the cost of a few cents or euros a new sensor prevents Nash Equilibria that are not simultaneously on the Pareto Efficiency Frontier :
“Pareto efficiency, or Pareto optimality, is a concept in economics with applications in engineering. The term is named after Vilfredo Pareto (1848–1923), an Italian economist who used the concept in his studies of economic efficiency and income distribution[citation needed]. In a Pareto efficient economic allocation, no one can be made better off without making at least one individual worse off. Given an initial allocation of goods among a set of individuals, a change to a different allocation that makes at least one individual better off without making any other individual worse off is called a Pareto improvement. An allocation is defined as “Pareto efficient” or “Pareto optimal” when no further Pareto improvements can be made.”
“The notion of Pareto efficiency is also useful in engineering. Given a set of choices and a way of valuing them, the Pareto frontier or Pareto set or Pareto front is the set of choices that are Pareto efficient. By restricting attention to the set of choices that are Pareto-efficient, a designer can make tradeoffs within this set, rather than considering the full range of every parameter”  (from wiki)
And it just so happens that Nash Equilibra on the Pareto Efficiency Frontier in this very common case are Strong Pareto Optima, in all cases where in the other cases Nash Equilibria are not Pareto efficient.
Simply stated this means that taking the sensor out costs you in almost all circumstances !
FACT it is the single greatest source of comfort heat-fighting chilling globally  – and it seems nobody gives a damn.
Now Henrietta has a friend who is an idiot – his name is Wasteful Walther.
Walther says – “we don’t need the sensor – because we prevent simultaneous heating and chilling by inhibiting valve positions being both open.”
Idiotic! – because heating happens from a hot heat exchanger AFTER you close it, and the time delay changes with load.
Walther also says – “we control with PID loops which achieve zero error over time”.
Well Walther a PID loop requires a linear response to do that without transient instability and there is not one here – it also requires a decoupled proportional signal of the error caused by the output driven – also not available here.
So we should be good Henrietta’s, save time and energy and get a sensor after (but far enough from) each controlled action and use it as a source of feedback.
The beauty of a Nash Equilibrium on the Pareto Efficiency Frontier is that it is cheap achievable and you KNOW it makes sense !